Zamzam Water Between the Past & the Present
KPZW has made a qualitative leap and a fundamental change in rendering services to Zamzam beneficiaries. It has made Zamzam water accessible to pilgrims and Umrah performers, alleviated the pressure and congestion within the Grand Mosque area, and contributed to the protection of public health by fulfilling the requirements of purification, bottling and safe distribution of Zamzam water.
Water Bottling Process :
The bottling and distribution processes of Zamzam water were manually and haphazardly conducted using different bottles, thus exposing it to pollution.
Now, unified 5- and 10-liter containers have been introduced. The water is treated, bottled, stored and distributed at high quality at the KPZW's on-site treatment plant.
Easy Access to Service :
Until recently, crowding to obtain Zamzam water was a common phenomenon at all distribution points inside and outside the Grand Mosque. This was aggravated by the lack of safety and health requirements.
Now, a bottle of Zamzam water can easily be obtained and without crowding due to the implementation of a fast and automated distribution system at the distribution area of KPZW.
The Packaging of Zamzam bottled Water :
KPZW included specific facilities designated for the wrapping of water packs in leak-proof plastic bags that are placed in carton boxes, which conform to the international standards, to facilitate land and air transportation.
Purification and sterilization of Zamzam water used to be carried out in the following sites: Equipment Building, Zamzam Refrigerating Station, Bab Al-Fath Station, Kudai Reservoir, and King Abdul-Aziz Sabeel. The processes involved using simple filters and one UV sterilization unit. Then, water was pumped to the two Holy Mosques in Makkah and Medina, King Abdul-Aziz Sabeel and Al-Ghazza Sabeel.
Now, water is pumped from Zamzam well to KPZW for purification and sterilization at KPZW's purification and sterilization station through filters in order to maintain the unique properties of the blessed water of Zamzam using high-tech techniques. The water is then passed through a UV chamber where ultra-violet light is used to disinfect the water and kill any bacteria to which the water might have been exposed during the production stages.
Pumping Development Stages :
In the past, Zamzam water was pumped to two destinations, the Central Plant Building, which directly feeds the faucets of the Grand Mosque, and the two reservoirs of Kudai and King Abdul-Aziz Sabeel, which are regarded as strategic tanks for seasonal utilization. Kudai Reservoir has a storage capacity of 10,000 m3, while Sabeel Reservoir has a storage capacity of 16,000 m3. The Zamzam water faucets inside the Grand Mosque are fed by Kudai Reservoir, while the tanks feeding the Prophet's Mosque in Medina are fed by King Abdul-Aziz Sabeel Reservoir.
All the quantities of Zamzam water are now pumped directly to KPZW. Following purification and sterilization processes, water is transferred to Kudai and King Abdul-Aziz Sabeel reservoirs. The Grand Mosque in Makkah is supplied by Zamzam water through Kudai Reservoir, and the Prophet's Mosque in Medina is fed by King Abdul-Aziz Sabeel. Water drawing and pumping operations, pipelines and tanks network is controlled and monitored via fiber optics of SCADA system, which helps monitor the pumping and storage levels and ensures the availability of Zamzam water at all times at the aforementioned sites. KPZW includes other storage tanks with a capacity of 10,000 m3. The water is pumped from KPZW purification and sterilization station to the production factory where water is bottled in 10-liter containers.